Proper Leash Walking
Most puppies, at first, resist walking on leash. They buck, pull back, throw themselves on the ground and generally do not have a fun time. We have, over the years, used this gentle and easy method to teach literally thousands to walk boldly and with confidence.
What is required is a soft, buckle collar, a leash that is comfortable in your hands and a supply of tasty treats with which to reward his efforts.
Step One: Accustom the puppy to the collar.
Step Two: Accustom the puppy to the feel of the leash.
Step Three: Accustom the puppy to the feel of you holding the leash
Step Four: Teaching the puppy to yield to leash pressure.
With the end of the leash in your hand, stand in front of him and put just the slightest pressure on the leash. This pressure should not be more than, maybe, one pound of pull. At first, he may back up. Do not give to him, but do not pull forward. Be patient. Give him time to figure out that he can remove the pressure by stepping forward. When he moves forward, even the tiniest amount, release the pressure on the leash and praise him sincerely. Repeat this lesson a number of times until he is always moving forward when you apply pulling pressure to the leash.
When he has mastered this lesson, practice stepping to the right and to the left, applying about one pound of pull, waiting for him to yield to the pressure and then praising him generously.
Step Five: Teaching the puppy to not charge ahead.
Speak happily to your puppy and start walking forward. If he comes with you, after a couple of steps give him a treat, praise him generously and sincerely and pet him. Move forward again. This time, your puppy must walk four or five steps to earn his reward. Gradually increase the distance he must walk in order to earn the treat, the praise and the petting.
Should your puppy decide not to walk with you, but instead, pull back on the leash, pull forward on the leash with about a pound of pressure until he yields by moving forward. Praise him generously, give him a food treat and continue your walk.
Many puppies, excited about the prospect of new things to discover, barrel ahead. Should yours do this, stop walking. Let him hit the end of the leash at full tilt. Most, after just a few uncomfortable repetitions, quit rushing forward. Apply about one pound of pressure to the leash. Keep the pressure on until he steps back to you, yielding to your pressure.
Under no circumstance should you move forward until your puppy has quit tugging. When he lets the leash become slack, praise and pet him and then continue your walk.
Step Six.: Teaching your puppy to turn when you turn.
Step Seven: Give him practice.
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